It is believed that many people must know or have heard of the name of the kratom tree, but may not know the history of what it is. The English kratom tree written “Krathom” has generated a lot of interest in the health world in recent years. It is a plant native to Southeast Asia that has been used as a herbal medicine for a long time in Thailand, Indonesia, Myanmar, Malaysia, New Guinea, etc. In this article, we will dive into the fascinating world of kratom and discover its unique botanical benefits as to why it has been used for more than a century.
Taxonomic and botanical characteristics
The cottage tree, whose scientific name is Mitragyna speciosa
Korth, is a plant in the coffee family, a medium-sized perennial tropical plant that is evergreen. It has single leaves arranged in opposite pairs, large, smooth, glossy dark green, thin leaf plates, and low branches, making it easy to collect. The cottage tree can be from 10 to 20 meters tall. The stems are characterized by being tall, straight. The flowers are yellowish-white in small rounded panicles. Many sources are found in Thailand in forests in the southern regions such as Surat Thani, Trang, Satun, Phatthalung, Songkhla, etc., or the central region such as Pathum Thani.
How many varieties of kratom trees are there
There are many varieties of kratom plants, each of which contains different active substances and different leaf flavors. The most common species in Thailand are as follows:
- Pigsty kratom tree
- kratom cucumber or green stalks tree
- Red-stemmed crayfish tail kratom tree
- Red stem kratom tree
If you ask, which varieties of kratom trees are good ? Industrially, the most popular varieties are red-stemmed crayfish tail and red-stemmed species. To be processed as a medicine or energy drink. The green stem strain is suitable for medicinal herbs or household consumption. Normally use kratom plants to skewer the tops because the species is calmer than seed planting, suitable for planting in lowland soil with water or moisture such as rice fields. As for fertilizer for kratom trees, mainly manure, it can be considered as increasing the value of land that cannot be grown for other economic pitches and converting kratom crops into national cash crops instead.
Although the kratomtree is easy to grow, if you lack care, it may cause a lack of minerals leading to a yellow-leaved kratom tree as well.
Traditional and medicinal use of kratom
In the past, kratom was a plant that was used as a remedy for stomach aches, flatulence, aches, insomnia and sedatives in folk texts. However, at present, the properties of kratom tree have been extracted from substances containing opioids and mitragynine to be utilized in quantities or proportions that do not cause side effects in modern medicine instead. Opioids have a calming effect and relieve pain, while mitragine, found only in Kratom, has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.
Control and Governance
In 1943, Thailand stepped up the announcement of the control of Kratom. The kratom Crops Act B.E. 2486 imposed conditions prohibiting the cultivation and possession of Kratom as well as prohibiting its distribution and consumption. From 1979 until 2021, the Narcotics Act was revised again to remove kratom control from the drug list. It also abolished all penalties related to Kratom.
This law establishes measures to control the cultivation of kratom crops. Imports or exports of cottage leaves to support and stimulate the economy. It requires that persons or entities affecting the cultivation of kratom crops, the sale, import, or export of kratom must obtain a permit and specify the qualifications and regulations regarding the places where kratom can be sold, imported, or exported. It is also necessary to establish measures to prevent the misuse of kratom leaves, such as prohibiting the sale of kratom leaf boiled water or food containing kratom leaves as raw materials or ingredients to persons under 18 years of age, pregnant women, and lactating women. Violators are punishable by a fine not exceeding 50,000 baht, etc.
The United Nations has not yet declared the control of kratom on its list of drugs or substances active according to international conventions. But the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has asked its members to monitor and monitor the situation of its constituent substances of kratom, including some countries such as Denmark, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Sweden and New Zealand that require kratom. Mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine are controlled drugs.
There are also many countries that allow the legal trading and export of kratom, such as Indonesia, England. Powders and extracts consumers can buy it without a doctor’s prescription.
The interesting world of kratom trees continues to grow. Further research has revealed the advantages of using kratom for health and medical benefits for people with illnesses or health disorders. However, to stay updated on the latest kratom news and processed products about health. Sign up here to be the first to receive new letters and insights and promotions.